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House Bill 200

House Bill 200 was introduced in the 2017 North Carolina legislative session by a bipartisan group of NC House members. A companion bill (Senate Bill 209) was introduced in the NC Senate.

How it works

  • Nonpartisan staff draws maps.
  • Plan submitted to legislature by April 1st.
  • Public hearings conducted by citizen’s advisory commission.
  • Legislature votes plan up or down within 14 days.

Staff process

  • Staff works on plan in private. No partisan influence allowed.
  • Staff plan focuses on principles over politics
  • Staff plan adheres to all requirements of the Voting Rights Act
  • Districts cannot be drawn to dilute or augment the voting strength of one party or another.
  • Districts cannot be drawn to favor an incumbent or political party.
  • Staff plan reflects whole-county rule and districts that are compact and contiguous.

Legislative Process

  • Plan can be amended only on technical grounds.
  • If the legislature rejects the maps, it must offer a reason for its “no” vote within 7 days.
  • Staff has 35 days to submit a second plan based on those reasons.
  • Legislature must vote second plan up or down within 7 days and again offer an explanation for a “no” vote.
  • Staff will provide a third plan in 35 days if second plan is rejected.
  • Legislature must have an up or down vote on the third plan within 7 days.
  • If the third plan fails, the legislature has authority to draw maps.

Other features

  • Temporary Citizens Redistricting Advisory Commission, which holds public hearings after the first plan is drafted.
  • The Commission provides staff with technical advice and feedback if needed.
  • Staff has no contact with legislators while drawing the maps.

Read full text of House Bill 200 – Nonpartisan Redistricting Commission